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An overview of Paris Habitat

About us

An overview of Paris Habitat

​Paris Habitat, Committed to the City, Social Housing and its Residents



Paris Habitat operates in three key areas :

  • Renewing the city - building, renovating and maintaining its properties
  • Accepting the application of and housing low-income households
  • Improving community cohesion and neighbourliness. 





Social Housing in France

There are 732 public and private social companies and associations that offer social housing throughout France. These operators manage 4.6 million social housing units, around 17% of French people primary residences. More than 12 million people live in social housing.


A Few Features on the Background

In France, public housing is a public utility service for which the Government determines the major public policies and provides funding. For decentralisation purposes, the Government may delegate its authority to a public local body.

The rights and duties relating to carrying out this public service function are defined by Law. Social housing units charge moderate rents,and are granted to tenants on low incomes, equal to or less than specific limits. Should the income of a tenant increase over time and exceed such limits, he or she will be entitled to remain in the social flat. A survey carried out among public housing tenants each year, enables those whose income exceeds the limits to be identified. An additional rental charge is then applied.

Social housing companies are non-profit organisations and must use their income for the development of new social housing buildings.


Situation in Paris

Currently, 21% of the 1,160,000 primary residences in Paris are public housing units. The demand for public housing in Paris structurally exceeds availability. More than 150,000 applications for social housing are pending. The public housing market is made up of a continually diverse and growing public, ranging from extreme poverty levels to those on middle-class incomes.

In response to the increasing demand, the City of Paris has defined as a political priority the production of 7,500 social housing units per year. According to Law, Paris must reach 25% of social housing units before 2025, as every other French city with over 3,500 inhabitants. But, Anne Hidalgo, Mayor of Paris, and the City Council have decided that social housing should aimed to 30% of all Paris residences by 2030.


The Housing Development and the Property Managed

Paris Habitat manages more than 124,000 social flats for which it is either the owner or the long-term leases holders. 90% of its stock is located inside Paris, rest in the nearby city outskirts. Our goal is to product at least 1,500 social flats per year and renovate around 3,000.

The social rent level for low-income households range from 5 to EUR 12 per square meter and is to be compared to the average EUR 25 level in Paris’s open market.

In addition, Paris Habitat manages 4,100 business premises and shops, located on the ground floor of its buildings and 675 premises for associations. It also manages 40,349 car spaces, all connected to its buildings.

In order to offer accommodation that suits everyone’s needs, Paris Habitat is still developing a wide range of family homes. The office also designs more specialist forms of social housing: students and young workers residences, supported housing for dependent elderly people, as well as social and medical facilities. These programplantation-arbre-centenaire-paris-habitat-rue-roissy-chatillons are carried out in partnership with specialised managing structures.


How does Paris Habitat fund its investments?

Paris Habitat yearly turnover is around EUR 900 Million.
A large part of the funding for new investments is public:

  • The Government allows access to preferential financing
  • The City of Paris guarantees loans and provides additional funding
  • Businesses provide contributions in exchange for accommodation for their employees
  • Paris Habitat contributes up to 20% to its budget for new building and 50% for the refurbishment of the funding existing.

In exchange for these various financial contributions, the State, the local authority, and businesses hold rights to reserve social housing units for rent for their staff.


How is the allocation of housing handled?

Each year, about 5,000 social flats are granted to new tenants. Paris Habitat implements a policy based on a transparent application process through a scoring system. An independent committee made up of different groups - Paris Habitat’s supervisory board members, tenant representatives, elected officials, and State and City partners - take decisions on the housing applications it receives.

For each social unit, three applications are recommended. The committee reviews the applications and takes its decision on the basis of income level, social urgency, length of time the applicant has been waiting and the applicant’s personal circumstances. It verifies that the social unit is appropriate for the family or individual’s needs. The committee refers to an allocation chart prepared by Paris Habitat which details the rules and criteria for granting housing, in accordance with the law.


The Residents Living in Paris Habitat Homes

Over the last several years, the increased economic deprivation of our tenants has been observed: 60% of them live with income levels under the 60% threshold putting them in an extremely vulnerable situation. 43% of our tenants’ yearly incomes is under EUR 10,000 per year. And 40% of them receive individual social benefits for housing costs. Furthermore, as our residents are getting older, more than 20% are over 60.high-level environmental policy specified in a dedicated internal Chart for the environment.



The core of our social mission is to provide a safe affordable home of good quality and adapted to the needs of our residents. We are also firmly committed to put the quality of our services to our residents at the top of our priorities. For us, both commitments are one and they are at the heart of what we do.

Thanks to our Social Foundation, this allows us to help more tenants by investing in social projects, providing positive futures for all and more particularly for the most vulnerable and young people.

Furthermore, Paris Habitat is highly involved in carrying out its social mission sustainably and responsibly.

Sustainable Development and Corporate Social Responsibility are deeply anchored in our internal processes. We daily work to reduce our impact on the environment through a strong and high-level environmental policy specified in a dedicated internal Chart for the environment.


International Relationships

We are developing an active and fruitful policy of international relationships with other social housing partners in different European capitals (Amsterdam, Berlin, London, Vienna), Asia (Seoul, Taiwan, China) and in Africa. Furthermore, Paris Habitat is a member of two international networks: the ‘Réseau Habitat et Francophonie’, that gathers social housing operators from French-speaking countries, and the ‘European Federation for Living‘, an association of European social housing operators, scientific institutes, public organisations and real estate investors.

We share with our counterparts the same vision and commitment to defend and promote the value of social housing. We are concerned with the same questions relating to the development of social housing, renewing buildings and providing a pleasant and sustainable living environment for our residents.

These partnerships allow us to develop an exchange of information and professional good practices, organise field visits and contribute to national and international research and studies. They help us improve our products and innovate new services.



Paris Habitat

Founded in 1914, Paris Habitat is the largest player in the social housing sector in Paris and France’s largest public utility social housing company. It manages 124,000 social housing units within and around Paris and provides housing for more than 310,000 residents.

Paris Habitat is a Public Utility Company linked to the Paris local authority and under State’s supervision for the control of its management. Paris Habitat is required to produce balanced financial statements. In addition, it is subject to the Government Contracts Code when organising competitive tenders.

One-third of Paris Habitat’s supervisory board consists of representatives of the City of Paris; another third is made up of independent experts from the social housing or social sectors and appointed by the mayor of Paris. The remaining third includes elected residents, and trade union representatives. The Prefect of Paris, representing the State, has an advisory role. The Chair of Paris Habitat must be a member of Paris Municipality board. He or she is elected by requirement. Currently, the Chairman is Mr. Eric Pliez, mayor of the 20th arrondissement of Paris and the CEO is Mr. Stéphane Dauphin.

There are 3,000 people on the Paris Habitat’s payroll and 45% of them are building caretakers. As first point of contact with tenants they have a decisive mission. In addition to the central department’s staff members, 700 workers are directly involved in providing services to tenants in 22 local branches located in 6 area divisions.

Paris Habitat is also a parent company with three subsidiaries. Two are private social housing companies and the third is dedicated to the promotion of social home ownership.


Please find attached the institutional brochure of Paris Habitat.